# 认知翻译及无意识翻译现象的认知性研究-傅敬民

A Cognitive Approach to Cognitive Translation and Unconscious Translation

皮特·纽马克在 1981 年提出过一个“认知翻译”概念，认为只有在认知翻译后期才会出现语义翻译和交际翻译的分歧。但长期以来，认知翻译并没有引起学界足够的重视。本文通过对十个译者的一次翻译实践进行认知分析，探讨认知翻译的认知性，进而探讨无意识翻译的认知性。本文认为，无论是认知翻译还是无意识翻译，都并非只是存在于前翻译期间。相反，在整个翻译过程中，它们会不时地出现。研究表明，导致认知翻译或者无意识翻译的因素很多，其中原文文本与目的语文本的匹配度以及译者的认知度为最显著因素。
In 1981, Peter Newmark employed the concept of Cognitive Translation, proposing that communicative translation and semantic translation bifurcate at a later stage of the cognitive translation. However, cognitive translation has since remained insufficiently being studied. In response to Newmark’s proposition, we have taken a cognitive analysis of ten subjects’ translational cognition, along with another concept of unconscious translation. The results show that all interviewed subjects now and then experienced cognitive translation and unconscious translation in the whole process of translating. Additionally, many factors result in cognitive translation and unconscious translation, among which the parallelism of ST-TT and translation’s cognitive competence outstand remarkably.